Born innate, trained, or both?
"Attack dogs are not born, but are cultivated."
How many times have you heard this sentence? Have you ever thought about the truth of this?
The owner of an offensive dog often says, "The dog I have raised before, no one like this, I don't know where it is wrong!
I met with a friend once a week to adjust their dog that only attacked. Let's do some behavioral training together, such as a recall with other dogs around and a walk on the slackline. We each have two dogs, and no exception, only one responds to the other, and in the same situation, the other dog is in good social condition. why?
If the owner lacks the ability to breed puppies, then this situation should also appear on other dogs he breeds. Is the overreactive temperament of a dog with aggressive behavior inherent, or is it trained by the master, or both?
Aggressive behavior is enhanced
Let us illustrate this important fact: Aggressive behavior is operational behavior. Yes, yes, I know that the usual attack behavior is the reaction of fear, anxiety or stress (and, occasionally, instinct), and most experts recommend using "classic conditioning" to solve the cause of the aggressive behavior. But in fact, the aggressive behavior is effective. It is the product of enhancement.
For example, a dog feels uncomfortable when there are other dogs around, screaming out of fear. This was unconditional at first, and the purpose of dog barking was to keep other dogs away or away from themselves, but once it worked, the barking behavior was enhanced. Howling becomes an operational behavior. Next time, when the fearful dog saw other dogs, he remembered the behavior he had worked on. Therefore, the dog will repeat the behavior of barking. (Editor: This is why the dogs living in the backyard are screaming and attacking more and more. Seeing strangers, howling, maybe strangers simply pass by, and walk away, so the dog’s howl is Enhanced. And this behavior will be upgraded)
The dog owner may be criticized for not making the dog social, or not "dog boss", or not winning the dog's trust - or being implied that the owner himself caused the dog's fear or attack.
Take my own overreacting dog as an example. In order to prevent the dog from developing an aggression due to fear, I will strictly abide by the socialization principle - I promise that socialization is more important than weight. The experience of poor socialization and socialization is likely to cause attacks caused by fear.
Therefore, the aggressive behavior is an operational behavior, so each social experience enhances or amplifies the aggressive behavior. In other words, the owner must frequently provide the dog with a variety of social experiences, let the dog learn, other dogs, other people, new environment, new voices, new objects are nothing terrible. This kind of socialization should be "sufficient" - enough to enhance the dog's proper behavior, which will bring him a new and different experience. (Editor: The master must not blindly bring a dog to such a social interaction. For a dog full of fear, forcing him to socialize is a flood law, which is counterproductive. Use BAT to adjust. For example, forcing a fear The snake man and the snake are in close contact, and the result is two, completely stupid or driven crazy.)
It is very likely that the owner has enhanced the dog's fear or aggressive behavior. This kind of enhancement may come from trying to comfort the dog, taking him away immediately after the dog has an aggressive behavior (small series: the attack also includes low-lying behavior), in order to let the dog learn to cope and bring him to an environment that will be overreacted, Or badly want to correct the dog's aggressive behavior.
Design success – assist when needed
The "golden rule" of dog training is to design the scene to make the dog successful and then enhance the success. An experienced dog owner can grasp the early fear or anxiety signals of the dog, act decisively and decisively, and enhance the proper behavior of the dog. A less experienced owner should turn to a capable instructor when the puppies arrive home, and if it is not convenient, at least when the trouble first begins – ask for help before the problem turns into an attack or fear.
Genetic problems cause the dog's aggressive behavior to be difficult to adjust, even experienced masters can hardly make the dog's attack or fear behavior enhanced. Some dogs can't feel complete comfort in front of the target he is trying to attack, even after training, the dog can not show aggressive behavior. The security of the target being attacked cannot be guaranteed.
Some dogs, especially some dog breeds, prefer "fight" when compared to "escape" in the face of stress. This is why my golden hair will run away from the pressure, and my Demu will stop and stimulate in the same situation. All reactions are normal reactions in this breed. (Small series: So according to the breed of dogs, according to the different personality of each dog to train adjustment)
It is difficult to change the connection to irritants
The dog owner does have a bad effect on the dog's aggressiveness or overreaction, but it is unfair to blame the owner. There are many factors in life that can cause an attack or overreaction in a dog. If time can be reversed, we may be able to erase the improper reactions of those masters, but in many cases, dogs still have the opportunity to learn bad behavior. But the good news is that behavior can be changed!