#1. Confirm what the dog is afraid of
The first step, of course, is to confirm what makes the dog afraid.
If you have confirmed what the source of the stimulus is, you should have a better understanding of the signs of fear of the dog.
If the signs of fear of dogs are uncertain, please read How can I tell if my dog is scared? One article.
#2. Helping dogs feel safe
For a scared dog, the first thing to do is to help them feel safe.
Depending on the problem, the situation may vary.
This means that perhaps the dog needs a space of his own (such as a nest or air box), and when they don't want the home to be filled with strangers or children, they can choose to escape there.
This means that perhaps you have to tell others not to touch your dog, because your dog doesn't like to be touched.
This means that you may take a dog to walk when you are not likely to encounter something that the dog is afraid of (other dogs/strangers/bicycles, etc.) [Small series: even change the place to go for a walk].
This means planning the walking route as much as possible and giving the dog as many choices as possible.
This means that you need to design a slow, step-by-step plan to help the dog learn not to be afraid. This may involve professional methods such as desensitization and anti-constraints.
#3. No penalty can be used
Perhaps you may no longer use punishment, because people are increasingly aware that positive is the best way to train.
Dogs feel scared, and it is especially important to stop using punishment, because if you continue to use punishment, the risk is to worsen the fear and even make the dog afraid of you.
#4. It is completely feasible to appease the dog.
If your dog likes it, there is no problem in comforting him when he is afraid. Of course, not all dogs like to be comforted; some dogs choose to run away or hide directly and follow him.
But some dogs will find the owner directly to seek comfort.
#5. Don't force the dog to face fear
Sometimes people suggest that you force your dog to face fear. Unfortunately, this is not a good suggestion. Some people think that forcing dogs to face fear will make them get used to it. But on the contrary, this will make the dog more sensitive.
The dog will turn to attack, in the hope that the terrible things will disappear. In some cases, dogs may panic or “steep” (unable to move because of fear). It's also possible that dogs will start responding to other things in the environment because they are in a state of high alert (if the dogs are afraid of thunder, and you notice that they are beginning to react to other sounds in thunderstorms, such as closing the door Or the noise outside is the case).
It is recommended to feed the scared dogs by hand and let them learn to like you. The thing to remember is whether the dog feels comfortable when approaching you. If they are afraid to approach you, it is not good to force them close to get food. After all, dogs must eat. If you want to feed them by hand, check to see if the dog is willing to be with you. If you see signs of fear, including a low body posture and trembling, place the food far away from you so that the dog is not afraid. Sometimes you can sit down and throw snacks to let the dog choose whether to come.
In the same way, don't control a scared dog with your leash, so that they can adapt to fear.
Our goal is to make dogs feel safe.
#6 Seeking professional help
Please look for real professionals to help your dog.
#7 Playing a long battle
Fear and anxiety take a long time to resolve, and in some cases may never be completely resolved (even if great progress is made).
So it's important to understand that helping a pet can take a long time, and those timid dogs can still lead a happy life.
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